Secondary education went underground

Tomorrow is the first year of the Taliban takeover of Kabul. Since that day, the economy in the country, where foreign aid has been cut, has come to the point of collapse. Life became most difficult for women who were deprived of their right to education and work.

In Kabul Yesterday, Taliban members intervened in front of the Ministry of Education, about 40 women who protested by opening a banner reading “August 15 is a black day” . The militants, who opened fire in the air and battered the women with butt stock, confiscated the mobile phones of the protesters. Such was the scene on the streets of the capital just before the first anniversary of the new regime. Unlike the first period of the Taliban in the 1990s, girls can attend primary school, and they can also attend private universities. However, they are prohibited from attending secondary education, and without this they can not take University entrance exams.


Organizations such as the Revolutionary Women’s Association (RAWA) opened secret schools when girls from different levels were not allowed to return to school despite repeated promises. Education has moved underground. If the Taliban asked what they were doing, the participants said they had “gone a sewing course.” Nefise, who is still in secondary education despite being 20 years old, keeps her books in the kitchen. Nefise, who spends her afternoons in her secret class every day, said in an interview with AFP, “I want to be a doctor. We want to do something for ourselves, to be free, ”she said. Tamkin, the former teacher who was fired when the Taliban took office, opened the classroom. The 40-year-old woman turned a warehouse into a classroom with the help of her husband. Tamkin, who sells his cows to buy the necessary books, teaches English and science to 25 of his students.


On the other hand, there is a different story for the men of the Taliban. After the war in the country ended, hundreds of militants returned to training. Gul Agha Jalali, 23, who once prepared a bomb for the Taliban, is now studying computers and English. Celali said, “At that time, our country was under occupation and there was a need for bombs and weapons. Now there is a need for education,” he says. There are about 300 Taliban members among the 3,000 students of the Islamic Institute of Kabul, which provides education in various disciplines, half of which are women.


After August 15, most women were fired from their jobs in the public sector. If there is no separate working environment in the private sector, there is no place for women. Women are not allowed to travel alone. They are asked to wear a “burqa”. Estima Usmani , 23, a journalist working for the news channel TOLOnews , continues her job but has to cover her face during the broadcast. Channel workers wear medical masks instead of veils in protest.

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